The Municipality of Talugtug got its name from its location. It means “top”.
There used to be a Balite tree on a hill top near the Cuyapo-Muñoz trail. Under this Balite tree, travelers and good shepherd in the good old days, used to rest, enjoying the cool moon breeze and the beautiful view of the surrounding areas. Eventually, the people referred to the place as “Talugtug- Balite” which later on became a barrio of the Municipality of Cuyapo in 1917. Its first barrio lieutenant was the last Councilor Simeon Ramos. The Municipality of Cuyapo administration built the first the school house which was later on neglected.
Talugtug is a fourth class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 21,291 people. The municipality is situated in the northern part of Nueva Ecija, about 71 kilometres (44 mi) from the seat of the provincial government in Palayan City; 169 kilometres (105 mi) from Manila; and 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the nearby City of San Jose.
It is bounded on the South by the Municipality of Guimba; on the southeast by the municipality of Muñoz; on the west by Cuyapo, on the east by Lupao, all of which are in the province of Nueva Ecija. On the northern most side of Talugtug is the boundary of Pangasinan with the municipality of Umingan. Talugtug has a total land are of 10,122.2324 hectares (25,012.581 acres). Talugtug is characterized by hilly and rolling land in the northeastern and northwestern section of the municipality covering almost 7 barangays. The foot of two mountain ranges, namely Mt. Baloy (with peak in Cuyapo) and Mt. Amorong (with peak in Umingan, Pangasinan) occupies its hilly and rolling areas. About 70% of the land area and mostly located in the western portion is flat which constitute the agricultural area of the municipality where almost 75% of its total rice production come.
Development is anchored by a sound socio-economic progress, improved infrastructure facilities, health services capable of delivering a quality of life to the people.
A vibrant and progressive community with balanced and sustainable socio-economic growth anchored on sound physical infrastructures, and capable of delivering the basic needs of the people and improve their quality of life.